Django: Nie znaleziono statycznego/administracyjnego/CSS


Właśnie wdrożyłem moją pierwszą aplikację Django na Heroku, ale zauważyłem, że nie ma ona żadnego CSS, jak ma to miejsce podczas uruchamiania serwera na mojej lokalnej maszynie. Wiem, że coś jest nie tak z plikami statycznymi, ale niewiele z tego rozumiem, nawet jeśli już przeczytałem

Dokumenty
https://docs.djangoproject.com ... ment. mogę to zrobić
python3 manage.py collectstatic
Aby utworzyć folder statyczny, ale nie wiem, gdzie go umieścić i jak zmienić reski w Ustawienia.py. Naprawdę potrzebuję pomocy, aby się go pozbyć.
https://i.stack.imgur.com/1NtBa.png
settings.py:
DEBUG = TrueINSTALLED_APPS = [
'django.contrib.admin',
'django.contrib.auth',
'django.contrib.contenttypes',
'django.contrib.sessions',
'django.contrib.messages',
'django.contrib.staticfiles',
'household_management',
]TEMPLATES = [
{
'BACKEND': 'django.template.backends.django.DjangoTemplates',
'DIRS': [os.path.join(BASE_DIR, 'templates')],
'APP_DIRS': True,
'OPTIONS': {
'context_processors': [
'django.template.context_processors.debug',
'django.template.context_processors.request',
'django.contrib.auth.context_processors.auth',
'django.contrib.messages.context_processors.messages',
],
},
},
]STATIC_ROOT = 'static'
STATIC_URL = '/static/'

dzienniki heroku:
2016-09-02T10:42:09.461124+00:00 heroku[router]: at=info method=GET path="/" host=peaceful-earth-63194.herokuapp.com request_id=33fc071d-344c-47e7-8721-919ba6d5df65 fwd="14.191.217.103" dyno=web.1 connect=2ms service=53ms status=302 bytes=400
2016-09-02T10:42:09.760323+00:00 heroku[router]: at=info method=GET path="/admin/login/?next=/" host=peaceful-earth-63194.herokuapp.com request_id=c050edcd-02d9-4c39-88ba-8a16be692843 fwd="14.191.217.103" dyno=web.1 connect=1ms service=45ms status=200 bytes=2184
2016-09-02T10:42:10.037370+00:00 heroku[router]: at=info method=GET path="/static/admin/css/login.css" host=peaceful-earth-63194.herokuapp.com request_id=ec43016a-09b7-499f-a84b-b8024577b717 fwd="14.191.217.103" dyno=web.1 connect=2ms service=9ms status=404 bytes=4569
2016-09-02T10:42:10.047224+00:00 heroku[router]: at=info method=GET path="/static/admin/css/base.css" host=peaceful-earth-63194.herokuapp.com request_id=6570ee02-3b78-44f4-9ab9-0e80b706ea40 fwd="14.191.217.103" dyno=web.1 connect=1ms service=16ms status=404 bytes=4566
2016-09-02T10:42:10.030726+00:00 app[web.1]: Not Found:/static/admin/css/login.css
2016-09-02T10:42:10.043743+00:00 app[web.1]: Not Found:/static/admin/css/base.css
2016-09-02T10:48:56.593180+00:00 heroku[api]: Deploy d1d39dc by huyvohcmc@gmail.com
2016-09-02T10:48:56.593290+00:00 heroku[api]: Release v21 created by huyvohcmc@gmail.com
2016-09-02T10:48:56.803122+00:00 heroku[slug-compiler]: Slug compilation started
2016-09-02T10:48:56.803127+00:00 heroku[slug-compiler]: Slug compilation finished
2016-09-02T10:48:56.893962+00:00 heroku[web.1]: Restarting
2016-09-02T10:48:56.894722+00:00 heroku[web.1]: State changed from up to starting
2016-09-02T10:48:59.681267+00:00 heroku[web.1]: Stopping all processes with SIGTERM
2016-09-02T10:49:00.418357+00:00 app[web.1]: [2016-09-02 17:49:00 +0000] [9] [INFO] Worker exiting (pid: 9)
2016-09-02T10:49:00.418377+00:00 app[web.1]: [2016-09-02 17:49:00 +0000] [10] [INFO] Worker exiting (pid: 10)
2016-09-02T10:49:00.418393+00:00 app[web.1]: [2016-09-02 10:49:00 +0000] [3] [INFO] Handling signal: term
2016-09-02T10:49:00.477684+00:00 app[web.1]: [2016-09-02 10:49:00 +0000] [3] [INFO] Shutting down: Master
2016-09-02T10:49:00.594623+00:00 heroku[web.1]: Process exited with status 0
2016-09-02T10:49:00.607775+00:00 heroku[web.1]: Starting process with command `gunicorn assignment.wsgi --log-file -`
2016-09-02T10:49:02.911936+00:00 app[web.1]: [2016-09-02 10:49:02 +0000] [3] [INFO] Starting gunicorn 19.6.0
2016-09-02T10:49:02.912529+00:00 app[web.1]: [2016-09-02 10:49:02 +0000] [3] [INFO] Listening at: [url=http://0.0.0.0:18162]http://0.0.0.0:18162[/url] (3)
2016-09-02T10:49:02.917427+00:00 app[web.1]: [2016-09-02 10:49:02 +0000] [9] [INFO] Booting worker with pid: 9
2016-09-02T10:49:02.912655+00:00 app[web.1]: [2016-09-02 10:49:02 +0000] [3] [INFO] Using worker: sync
2016-09-02T10:49:02.980208+00:00 app[web.1]: [2016-09-02 10:49:02 +0000] [10] [INFO] Booting worker with pid: 10
2016-09-02T10:49:04.228057+00:00 heroku[web.1]: State changed from starting to up
2016-09-02T10:53:41.572630+00:00 heroku[router]: at=info method=GET path="/" host=peaceful-earth-63194.herokuapp.com request_id=68c0b216-2084-46c8-9be5-b7e5aacaa590 fwd="14.191.217.103" dyno=web.1 connect=0ms service=42ms status=302 bytes=400
2016-09-02T10:53:41.880217+00:00 heroku[router]: at=info method=GET path="/admin/login/?next=/" host=peaceful-earth-63194.herokuapp.com request_id=17b91dc2-ba06-482c-8af0-e7b015fe2077 fwd="14.191.217.103" dyno=web.1 connect=0ms service=41ms status=200 bytes=2184
2016-09-02T10:53:42.156295+00:00 heroku[router]: at=info method=GET path="/static/admin/css/base.css" host=peaceful-earth-63194.herokuapp.com request_id=40dec62d-8c4a-4af6-8e0f-8053fe8379b9 fwd="14.191.217.103" dyno=web.1 connect=0ms service=9ms status=404 bytes=4566
2016-09-02T10:53:42.157491+00:00 heroku[router]: at=info method=GET path="/static/admin/css/login.css" host=peaceful-earth-63194.herokuapp.com request_id=3a29f200-c185-4344-a6e1-5af35e5d120e fwd="14.191.217.103" dyno=web.1 connect=0ms service=17ms status=404 bytes=4569
2016-09-02T10:53:42.164162+00:00 app[web.1]: Not Found:/static/admin/css/base.css
2016-09-02T10:53:42.177480+00:00 app[web.1]: Not Found:/static/admin/css/login.css
2016-09-02T11:01:19.031353+00:00 heroku[api]: Deploy 2beb15a by huyvohcmc@gmail.com
2016-09-02T11:01:19.031444+00:00 heroku[api]: Release v22 created by huyvohcmc@gmail.com
2016-09-02T11:01:19.262522+00:00 heroku[slug-compiler]: Slug compilation started
2016-09-02T11:01:19.262528+00:00 heroku[slug-compiler]: Slug compilation finished
2016-09-02T11:01:19.426837+00:00 heroku[web.1]: Restarting
2016-09-02T11:01:19.427455+00:00 heroku[web.1]: State changed from up to starting
2016-09-02T11:01:22.141325+00:00 heroku[web.1]: Stopping all processes with SIGTERM
2016-09-02T11:01:22.545379+00:00 heroku[web.1]: Starting process with command `gunicorn assignment.wsgi --log-file -`
2016-09-02T11:01:22.754067+00:00 app[web.1]: [2016-09-02 18:01:22 +0000] [9] [INFO] Worker exiting (pid: 9)
2016-09-02T11:01:22.754077+00:00 app[web.1]: [2016-09-02 18:01:22 +0000] [10] [INFO] Worker exiting (pid: 10)
2016-09-02T11:01:22.757599+00:00 app[web.1]: [2016-09-02 11:01:22 +0000] [3] [INFO] Handling signal: term
2016-09-02T11:01:22.763197+00:00 app[web.1]: [2016-09-02 11:01:22 +0000] [3] [INFO] Shutting down: Master
2016-09-02T11:01:22.880977+00:00 heroku[web.1]: Process exited with status 0
2016-09-02T11:01:24.628348+00:00 app[web.1]: [2016-09-02 11:01:24 +0000] [3] [INFO] Starting gunicorn 19.6.0
2016-09-02T11:01:24.628921+00:00 app[web.1]: [2016-09-02 11:01:24 +0000] [3] [INFO] Listening at: [url=http://0.0.0.0:34235]http://0.0.0.0:34235[/url] (3)
2016-09-02T11:01:24.629075+00:00 app[web.1]: [2016-09-02 11:01:24 +0000] [3] [INFO] Using worker: sync
2016-09-02T11:01:24.636198+00:00 app[web.1]: [2016-09-02 11:01:24 +0000] [9] [INFO] Booting worker with pid: 9
2016-09-02T11:01:24.722355+00:00 app[web.1]: [2016-09-02 11:01:24 +0000] [10] [INFO] Booting worker with pid: 10
2016-09-02T11:01:26.271435+00:00 heroku[web.1]: State changed from starting to up
2016-09-02T11:01:27.930795+00:00 heroku[router]: at=info method=GET path="/" host=peaceful-earth-63194.herokuapp.com request_id=a844ef4b-a2d1-44fe-af0e-09c76cb0e034 fwd="14.191.217.103" dyno=web.1 connect=0ms service=46ms status=302 bytes=400
2016-09-02T11:01:28.363163+00:00 heroku[router]: at=info method=GET path="/admin/login/?next=/" host=peaceful-earth-63194.herokuapp.com request_id=31c0823a-466f-4363-b550-3c81681305f5 fwd="14.191.217.103" dyno=web.1 connect=0ms service=171ms status=200 bytes=2184
2016-09-02T11:01:28.716801+00:00 heroku[router]: at=info method=GET path="/static/admin/css/base.css" host=peaceful-earth-63194.herokuapp.com request_id=2d1b8bb2-9ab3-49f7-b557-a54eed996547 fwd="14.191.217.103" dyno=web.1 connect=0ms service=8ms status=404 bytes=4566
2016-09-02T11:01:28.693936+00:00 heroku[router]: at=info method=GET path="/static/admin/css/login.css" host=peaceful-earth-63194.herokuapp.com request_id=24aa1eed-aa87-4854-ab35-1604e8393b9d fwd="14.191.217.103" dyno=web.1 connect=0ms service=18ms status=404 bytes=4569
2016-09-02T11:01:28.681948+00:00 app[web.1]: Not Found:/static/admin/css/base.css
2016-09-02T11:01:28.692958+00:00 app[web.1]: Not Found:/static/admin/css/login.css
2016-09-02T11:12:43.686922+00:00 heroku[api]: Deploy 63085e6 by huyvohcmc@gmail.com
2016-09-02T11:12:43.687037+00:00 heroku[api]: Release v23 created by huyvohcmc@gmail.com
2016-09-02T11:12:43.951987+00:00 heroku[slug-compiler]: Slug compilation started
2016-09-02T11:12:43.951998+00:00 heroku[slug-compiler]: Slug compilation finished
2016-09-02T11:12:43.926959+00:00 heroku[web.1]: Restarting
2016-09-02T11:12:43.929107+00:00 heroku[web.1]: State changed from up to starting
2016-09-02T11:12:46.931285+00:00 heroku[web.1]: Starting process with command `gunicorn assignment.wsgi --log-file -`
2016-09-02T11:12:47.860591+00:00 heroku[web.1]: Stopping all processes with SIGTERM
2016-09-02T11:12:48.729601+00:00 app[web.1]: [2016-09-02 18:12:48 +0000] [10] [INFO] Worker exiting (pid: 10)
2016-09-02T11:12:48.729617+00:00 app[web.1]: [2016-09-02 18:12:48 +0000] [9] [INFO] Worker exiting (pid: 9)
2016-09-02T11:12:48.729623+00:00 app[web.1]: [2016-09-02 11:12:48 +0000] [3] [INFO] Handling signal: term
2016-09-02T11:12:48.775112+00:00 app[web.1]: [2016-09-02 11:12:48 +0000] [3] [INFO] Shutting down: Master
2016-09-02T11:12:48.890301+00:00 heroku[web.1]: Process exited with status 0
2016-09-02T11:12:48.839674+00:00 app[web.1]: [2016-09-02 11:12:48 +0000] [3] [INFO] Starting gunicorn 19.6.0
2016-09-02T11:12:48.840093+00:00 app[web.1]: [2016-09-02 11:12:48 +0000] [3] [INFO] Listening at: [url=http://0.0.0.0:20001]http://0.0.0.0:20001[/url] (3)
2016-09-02T11:12:48.840166+00:00 app[web.1]: [2016-09-02 11:12:48 +0000] [3] [INFO] Using worker: sync
2016-09-02T11:12:48.843687+00:00 app[web.1]: [2016-09-02 11:12:48 +0000] [9] [INFO] Booting worker with pid: 9
2016-09-02T11:12:48.939210+00:00 app[web.1]: [2016-09-02 11:12:48 +0000] [10] [INFO] Booting worker with pid: 10
2016-09-02T11:12:50.565750+00:00 heroku[web.1]: State changed from starting to up
2016-09-02T11:13:00.439745+00:00 heroku[router]: at=info method=GET path="/" host=peaceful-earth-63194.herokuapp.com request_id=c30b47e6-fbb8-4412-9242-5fe37217026a fwd="14.191.217.103" dyno=web.1 connect=0ms service=49ms status=400 bytes=199
2016-09-02T11:14:01.686661+00:00 heroku[api]: Deploy c149525 by huyvohcmc@gmail.com
2016-09-02T11:14:01.686965+00:00 heroku[api]: Release v24 created by huyvohcmc@gmail.com
2016-09-02T11:14:02.189063+00:00 heroku[slug-compiler]: Slug compilation started
2016-09-02T11:14:02.189073+00:00 heroku[slug-compiler]: Slug compilation finished
2016-09-02T11:14:02.466456+00:00 heroku[web.1]: Restarting
2016-09-02T11:14:02.467005+00:00 heroku[web.1]: State changed from up to starting
2016-09-02T11:14:04.713176+00:00 heroku[web.1]: Stopping all processes with SIGTERM
2016-09-02T11:14:05.259388+00:00 app[web.1]: [2016-09-02 18:14:05 +0000] [10] [INFO] Worker exiting (pid: 10)
2016-09-02T11:14:05.260345+00:00 app[web.1]: [2016-09-02 11:14:05 +0000] [3] [INFO] Handling signal: term
2016-09-02T11:14:05.265937+00:00 app[web.1]: [2016-09-02 18:14:05 +0000] [9] [INFO] Worker exiting (pid: 9)
2016-09-02T11:14:05.317647+00:00 app[web.1]: [2016-09-02 11:14:05 +0000] [3] [INFO] Shutting down: Master
2016-09-02T11:14:05.411311+00:00 heroku[web.1]: Process exited with status 0
2016-09-02T11:14:06.581314+00:00 heroku[web.1]: Starting process with command `gunicorn assignment.wsgi --log-file -`
2016-09-02T11:14:10.282506+00:00 heroku[web.1]: State changed from starting to up
2016-09-02T11:14:10.187781+00:00 app[web.1]: [2016-09-02 11:14:10 +0000] [3] [INFO] Starting gunicorn 19.6.0
2016-09-02T11:14:10.188490+00:00 app[web.1]: [2016-09-02 11:14:10 +0000] [3] [INFO] Listening at: [url=http://0.0.0.0:27446]http://0.0.0.0:27446[/url] (3)
2016-09-02T11:14:10.188627+00:00 app[web.1]: [2016-09-02 11:14:10 +0000] [3] [INFO] Using worker: sync
2016-09-02T11:14:10.211822+00:00 app[web.1]: [2016-09-02 11:14:10 +0000] [9] [INFO] Booting worker with pid: 9
2016-09-02T11:14:10.231978+00:00 app[web.1]: [2016-09-02 11:14:10 +0000] [10] [INFO] Booting worker with pid: 10
2016-09-02T11:14:29.714607+00:00 heroku[router]: at=info method=GET path="/" host=peaceful-earth-63194.herokuapp.com request_id=947ed6b9-b48a-48b1-8860-36846248acea fwd="14.191.217.103" dyno=web.1 connect=0ms service=153ms status=302 bytes=400
2016-09-02T11:14:30.522664+00:00 heroku[router]: at=info method=GET path="/admin/login/?next=/" host=peaceful-earth-63194.herokuapp.com request_id=b74c55bf-913c-4e0d-8d16-2b1f4f0cea13 fwd="14.191.217.103" dyno=web.1 connect=0ms service=561ms status=200 bytes=2184
2016-09-02T11:14:30.879732+00:00 heroku[router]: at=info method=GET path="/static/admin/css/base.css" host=peaceful-earth-63194.herokuapp.com request_id=769f989a-f051-4a89-a079-1d6acea3c185 fwd="14.191.217.103" dyno=web.1 connect=0ms service=86ms status=404 bytes=4566
2016-09-02T11:14:30.865971+00:00 heroku[router]: at=info method=GET path="/static/admin/css/login.css" host=peaceful-earth-63194.herokuapp.com request_id=b271b831-a4fb-4bdb-9f6a-e4d66297db88 fwd="14.191.217.103" dyno=web.1 connect=0ms service=75ms status=404 bytes=4569
2016-09-02T11:14:30.865501+00:00 app[web.1]: Not Found:/static/admin/css/login.css
2016-09-02T11:14:30.871110+00:00 app[web.1]: Not Found:/static/admin/css/base.css

Zaproszony:
Anonimowy użytkownik

Anonimowy użytkownik

Potwierdzenie od:

Musisz także dodać katalog statyczny do pliku
urls.py
. Dodaj następujące informacje:
from django.conf import settings
from django.conf.urls.static import staticurlpatterns = [
...
] + static(settings.STATIC_URL, document_root=settings.STATIC_ROOT)
Anonimowy użytkownik

Anonimowy użytkownik

Potwierdzenie od:

Nie powinieneś zmieniać
BASE_DIR
W
Ustawienia.py
Zmień Static_root
STATIC_ROOT = os.path.join(BASE_DIR, 'static')

I ponownie uruchom
collectstatic
Anonimowy użytkownik

Anonimowy użytkownik

Potwierdzenie od:

Django nie obsługuje plików statycznych w środowisku produkcyjnym. Zazwyczaj, aby obsługiwać statyczne pliki Django w środowisku produkcyjnym, musisz skonfigurować samodzielny serwer, taki jak nginx.
Jednak metoda utrzymywania plików statycznych na Heroku jest nieco inna. Zobacz poniższy link podany przez polecenie Heroku, aby uzyskać więcej informacji na temat obsługi plików statycznych w Heroku:
https://devcenter.heroku.com/a ... ssets
https://devcenter.heroku.com/a ... ssets

Edytuj: Odpowiedź na odpowiedź zgodnie z wytycznymi staików

:
zgodnie z wytycznymi Heroku dotyczącymi udostępniania plików statycznych:
dodaj do settings.py:
PROJECT_ROOT = os.path.dirname(os.path.abspath(__file__))# Static files (CSS, JavaScript, Images)
# [url=https://docs.djangoproject.com/en/1.9/howto/static-files/]https://docs.djangoproject.com ... iles/[/url]
STATIC_ROOT = os.path.join(PROJECT_ROOT, 'staticfiles')
STATIC_URL = '/static/'# Extra places for collectstatic to find static files.
STATICFILES_DIRS = ( os.path.join(PROJECT_ROOT, 'static'),)

Następnie ustaw projekt Whiteenoise za pomocą następującego polecenia:
$ pip install whitenoise

Iw twoim WSGI.py:
from django.core.wsgi import get_wsgi_application
from whitenoise.django import DjangoWhiteNoise application = get_wsgi_application()
application = DjangoWhiteNoise(application)
Anonimowy użytkownik

Anonimowy użytkownik

Potwierdzenie od:

Miałem ten sam problem, a żadna z odpowiedzi nie pracowała dla mnie. Więc znalazłem tę decyzję o radzeniu sobie z tym:
Użyłem
STATICFILES_DIRS
zamiast
STATIC_ROOT
, a także debugowanie powinno być prawdziwe:
BASE_DIR = os.path.dirname(os.path.dirname(__file__))
# STATIC_ROOT = os.path.join(BASE_DIR, "static")
STATICFILES_DIRS = [
os.path.join(BASE_DIR, "static"),
]
DEBUG = True

Jeśli używasz podfolderu (takiego jak
front-end
) dla plików statycznych, możesz skorzystać z następującej procedury:
from unipath import PathBASE_DIR = Path(__file__).ancestor(2)
# STATIC_ROOT = os.path.join(BASE_DIR.child('front-end'), "static")
STATICFILES_DIRS = [
os.path.join(BASE_DIR.child('front-end'), "static"),
]
DEBUG = True

[ NOTE ]:
  • Django 2.2
  • Python 3.6

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